Written by Dr.Albana Greca Sejdini, Md, MMedSc

How you have counseled a male 52-year-old client about early detection and screening for prostate cancer?

QUESTION: My uncle is 52 years old, he is drinking alcohol and smoking. He does not listen to any of our advices. How can we counsel him about early detection and screening for prostate cancer? Thank you.


1. The very first thing to do is to talk to him about several important risk factors for developing prostate cancer as following:

  • being 50 years old or older,

  • being a member of the black race and

  • eating food with high amount of fats and/or

  • drinking a lot of alcohol beverages.

    2. Other important thing in here is the family history for prostate cancer, if you have brother, son or father with prostate cancer, you may develop this disease someday.

    The scientists are working on test, which may provide you information about the development of this type of cancer.

    As you may know there are several types of prostate cancers. For that reason there is no test which can show you if you have something like this in your organism.

    3.The best for early detection of prostate cancer no matter the type is Digital Rectal Examination (DRE). This is a procedure made by doctor, which allows your physician to touch your prostate.

    This is quite useful manner because it provides information about the consistency, shape, surface and the size of your prostate. These parameters are those which are changed if you have cancer or other prostate disease.

    4.There is other manner called Prostate Specific Antigen test (PSA), which is measuring the amount of this antigen in your blood.

    The bad thing in here is that you have elevation in the level of this antigen, not only when you are having prostate cancer, but even when you have prostate infection or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).

    According to the last information about the diseases of the prostate, the men are suffering more form BPH, then Prostatic cancer. But it is quite important for you to go to your doctor every six months for routine examinations.

    Hope it helped!


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