Written by Dr.Albana Greca Sejdini, Md, MMedSc

All About PSA Prostate Levels

What are the PSA Prostate Levels? What do they mean? How do they determine that I might have prostate cancer? What is a prostate psa test? When and why should I perform it? How to read the results?

Let's go and find out your answers step-by-step.

What are PSA Prostate Levels? What do they mean?

First of all, I want to talk about PSA. Actually, it is a specific protein which derives from the prostate gland's cells. For your information, PSA means Prostate-Specific-Antigen. As all the antigens are proteins, it is a protein too.

Some other times, the medical team use to call ill “the tumor-marker” or even biological one.

Normally, most of the men use to have blood PSA levels at a low rate. Recently, more discussion is being issued about the low limit for PSA levels.

However, if results of your test indicates 4 ng / ml and below, it is considered normal psa prostate level.

prostate psa levels

What tests should I perform to measure the levels of PSA in my blood? How to interpret the results?

It is a simple test which measures the levels of PSA in your blood. It is performed drawing blood from your arm and analyzed from the laboratory.

You may have your results after few days. Once you have the results, talk to your doctor if anything unusual it appears. Don't be panic. Nothing will come out by stress.

All the results will be expressed in ng / ml (nanograms per milliliter).

It is true that this test will determine the enlarged prostate diagnosis. What is more, PSA can be raised in both conditions: benign prostate enlargement (BPE) and prostate cancer too.

Anyway, the most important thing is to prevent rather than treating. For this, it is extremely important to start screening your PSA prostate levels at your early 50s.

Other preventive tests include examination of prostate gland through digital exam of rectum starting from your 50s. If your doctor notice something unusual, then he will recommend you biopsy to fully determine the cancerous nature of the enlarged prostate.

The PSA test has been approved from FDA not only to prevent cancerous pathologies of the prostate in males 50 years or older, but also in those who have a previous history of prostate cancer and in those male who have been under a hormone-therapy treatment.

At the end, I want to remind you that once you have you have the results and notice something unusual, consult your doctor for further actions.

Try to be systematic and have a good willing to make all the necessary changes to your lifestyle and follow whatever advices your doctor will give to you.

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